JOHNSTOWN — Randy Griffith covers health care for The Tribune-Democrat. Follow him on Twitter at twitter.com/photogriffer57.
Time to call 911
1. Chest discomfort: Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or that goes away and comes back. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain.
2. Discomfort in other areas of body: Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.
3. Other signs: May include cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.
1. Sudden loss of responsiveness: No response to tapping on shoulders.
2. No normal breathing: The victim does not take a normal breath when you tilt the head up and check for at least five seconds.
(Spot a stroke F.A.S.T.)
1. Face drooping: Does one side of the face droop or is it numb? Ask the person to smile.
2. Arm weakness: Is one arm weak or numb? Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
3. Speech difficulty: Is speech slurred, are they unable to speak, or are they hard to understand? Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence, such as, “The sky is blue.” Is the sentence repeated correctly?
4. Time to call 911: If the person shows any of these symptoms, even if the symptoms go away, call 911 and get them to the hospital immediately.